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Rômaic armour

C10th infantry

C10th infantry boots

C10th horse archer

C10th khoursor

C10th katafraktos

C12th infantry

C12th katafraktos

Scale armour

Lamellar

Helmets

Composition on Warfare medium cavalry

byzantine horse archer

The prokoursatores or khoursores (whence comes the Western “Hussars”) were a medium cavalry arm whose job was to harass small groups of the enemy, pursue fugitives and scouting. They could be equipped in a kavadion and simple klivanion like the horse archer, or they could wear mail as here. (PM II.3) Their standard armament was a mace, sword and round shield.

The saddle is, of course, modern, but less different from a Roman one than from a European type of that time. The high European war saddle did not begin to be adopted in Rômania until the twelfth century.

Point at the picture to see a dismounted figure with some additional detail.

For more information see the author’s volume Byzantine Cavalryman: Eastern Roman Empire, c.900 - 1204, Osprey Publishing, 2009.