levantia title



Female dress

The Empress

A senior court lady

Traditional dress

Affluent casual

“Ethnic” style

Theatre costume


byzantine belly dancer

One group of women is shown sufficiently often in “middle Byzantine” art to indicate a definite pattern of occupational costume. It is the class of khoreutai or dancing girls. This example is copied from an eleventh century manuscript.1 The flounce pleated onto the hem of her dress is an unusual feature, but the sleeveless dress or over-dress is a ubiquitous characteristic of the stage costume of the class of professional “belly dancer” in Rômania.

Outfit constructed by Edith Castro to a pattern and designs by Timothy Dawson


1) Biblioteca Marciana Z 479, f. 12v.